In the 1970s, the development of artificial intelligence was booming. A best-selling book on artificial intelligence by Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, has won the Pulitzer Prize In 1979. His depiction of computers, programs, thinking, and the brain in the book explores whether thoughts are attached to specific forms, opening up a generation of young people to explore AI.
Started from BTC, colored coins, ERC20 tokens, then to NFT (Non fungible token), from the entire Bitcoin network (which can be regarded as a set of protocol networks running on POW), to thousands of ERC20 tokens running on Ethereum’s smart contract, and then to Crypto Kitties’ ERC721 token contract. Regarding the programmability and composability, NFT tokens are already combined with drawing, 3d, music, video, and game, which has produced amazing works like CryptoPunk, Euler beats, and Beeple’s “EVERYDAYS: THE FIRST 5000 DAYS” and other works.
Combinable protocols is the foundation, NFT is the future
We have seen the upgrades brought about by the combination and programming of various defi protocols in the development of the DeFi ecosystem. We can explore from Internet protocol to blockchain protocol, then to the NFT development.
Beginning with internet protocol, which is and general term for a group of protocols and doesn’t represent any protocol but itself. Generally include the physical layer, data link layer, network layer, transport layer, and application layer protocols. As we can see that the protocol of the blockchain is still in the stage of rapid development and iteration, while the Ethereum network occupies the main DAPP applications, we can simply divide Ethereum network into network layer, data layer, protocol layer, and application layer.
In the blockchain network, the network layer spans to the transport layer of the Internet protocol. The distributed and P2P network at the bottom of the public chain mainly involves TCP and UDP protocols. There are many non-computer users who do not understand Bitcoin’s POW mining and its network. In fact, it can be simply explained that the Bitcoin network is a virtual network on the Internet network. The Internet protocol originated from a P2P peer-to-peer network. Telecommunication companies gradually took the lead during the internet development. The internet we are using now, its core backbone router, is still operated by telecommunication companies, therefore, we are charged for using them. It is nonsense that those who use electricity to slander Bitcoin mining are environmentally unfriendly. Why is no one slandering communication companies as environmentally unfriendly? What’s more, most of the Bitcoin community do not want a monopoly on mining farms. Satoshi Nakamoto’s intention is to mine by PC, the economic benefits extending make it a battle of computer power.
At the transport layer of the Internet protocol (mainly TCP, UDP) and application layer protocols. Blockchain protocol stack can be divided into the chain network layer (P2P transmission, etc.), the data link layer, consensus layer, contract layer and the application layer on the basis of the Internet protocol.
According to the evolution of NFT, the Kanamit IDE will divide the consensus contract layer and application layer of blockchain into the NFT protocol stack, of which has network layer, NFT token standard layer, operation layer, financial layer, copyright protocol layer and application layer. NFT’s network layer is mainly related to the store and computing of SDK. NFT development is still in its infancy, no matter from the bonded smart contract, ERC721 protocol, to the current ERC1155, ERC998 and Flow and other chains. With the development of Metaverse and NFT games, NFT’s operation layer will have a big improvement, for example, the interaction between different NFTs. Think about it, you can put your NFT art into your own metaverse space, and this NFT art can also be destroyed by weapons in the metaverse. The financial layer is focusing on NFT decentralized auction, transaction and fragmentation protocols. We will explain the copyright-related protocols later.
New protocol stacks will be divided from NFT operating protocol layer, interoperability layer, financial layer, copyright protocol layer and application protocol layer in the future, such as various display and environment protocols related to VR.
(1) The Kanamit protocol IDE framework: framework iteration of the multi-metaverses
(2) Web 2.0 of Babel: Search engine and Browser
(3) The Application Protocol: Web 3.0, VR related protocols
(4) the Creative Commons protocol: Copyright protocol code of public domain
(5) The Finance protocol, combine protocol
(6) The Function protocol
(7) The NFT Token Standard protocol
(8) Blockchain and smart contact protocol: Metaverse Chain
We are now in a post-industrial society. The industrial society is characterized by mass production of homogeneous products. However, what everyone desires in the post-industrial society, is personalized and non-homogeneous products. That’s what NFT can bring to us, the innovative products. The combinable protocol is the foundation, but it does not mean that a simple combination of protocol can produce value. The combination of the protocols and the addition of the algorithms make a funny NFT.
Algorithm is elegant, NFT is fun
Uniswap has become DeFi’s leading project through its AMM function. Each business logic improvements they make on the V1, V2, and V3 versions of Swap, it presents the concept of subset and superset. At the V1 version, each swap is paired with ETH; At V2, each swap can be paired with ERC20 tokens; while at V3, it concentrates liquidity controlled by ticks and ranges. From the perspective of the business freedom of trading pairs, V3 has become a superset of V2. Uniswap realized the business logic of decentralized order books in these upgrades was as impressive as the pow algorithm of Bitcoin resolved the consensus problem.
We can barely see such a simple and elegant product as it is in various NFT protocols. But CryptoKitties and CryptoPunks were all crypto native applications, so they all have the algorithm foundation.
Many people think NFT is all Greek to them. In the real world, Alice creates artwork and sells it to Bob, she can only charge Bob once. If Bob sells her artwork to other people. Alice cannot benefit from second, third or more sales. Isn’t it unfair for Alice, right? NFT can solve this, in the NFT world, all the additional charges for creators will be written in token contracts. Just add the charge ratio you want, like you add 10% as of resale charge ratio, now the creator can receive 10% of sell price in each resale.
We can define NFT resale and market consensus by simple mathematical algorithms. Although some people criticize the NFT algorithm as Ponzi. This kind of controversy itself, even the audiences and bystanders who participated in the “Ponzi”, is also a part of postmodern art. We will not discuss postmodern art and the controversy here. But the combination of NFT visual display, music, and the price algorithm is truly profound.
CryptoKitties and CryptoPunks all have pixel art forms, on one hand, most of the participants come from the crypto community, they have more tolerance of these cultural forms, and on the other hand, the one and only way to confirm its characteristic on the chain is algorithm. Subject to the block size of Ethereum and the cost of the encryption algorithm, it can only support simple algorithms, it shows what algorithm can make it.
NBA Top Shot NFT video files are not on the chain, even the Dapp Labs developed a high-performance FLOW chain for that. But we must bear in mind that On-chain computing and IPFS are still at the beginning, it is difficult to realize this complex on-chain computing. But once this problem was resolved. There are many things NFT can do. Have you thought about generating each frame of a movie to NFTs? In future’s NFT-based movies, every element, background, and material of the movie is open source. The frames of the movie were generated from the game engine. All these will provide a powerful expression tool for directors, and it gives the audience a chance to participate in making personalized films. Some people say that before the 18th century was the age of drama, the 18th century was the age of novels, the 19th century is the age of films, and now is the age of games. In the future, new NFT-based games and movies, and even the combination of VR and AR will realize the metaverse.
In the digital world born of binary, computing power is energy, algorithm is DNA, and traditional Internet information can be copied. NFT is not a simple artwork to generate an NFT, but is combined with an encryption algorithm. Each NFT is unique. In a sense, a reproducible soul is worthless.
Whether the digital world and the real world are parallel worlds, searching for answers from Hofstadter’s book is just a mirror image. A certain metaverse is a unique and composable dynamic NFT. The reason why this NFT can be formed depends on a certain innovation of humans, like the combination of music, images and algorithms which produces a unique cognitive system.
In fact, from this perspective, the Bitcoin ecosystem and the Ethereum ecosystem are both metaverses.
Open source is light, NFT is sunshine
Everyone knows that blockchain is based on open-source protocols. Meanwhile, many traditional industrial companies apply for some blockchain technology for patents in various countries. In fact, the current patent system and trademark system are products of the industrial age and are no longer suitable for current technological development. It has become a shackle of the development of science and technology. Many of Beeple’s works are satirized on the products of the industrial age. As far as we know, the development of the internet started from infancy, when in the growing of open-source protocols, there are many talents making their contribution to build it.
NFT has the inherent open-source protocol from Blockchain, and shows as the IPFS decentralized storage. Copying an NFT is very simple except for the different contract addresses. But it is difficult to copy an NFT under the account framework of FLOW chain and the Cadence contract language. The fundamental solution for this needs to be implemented at the code level of the copyright CC licenses.
The world is homogeneous. In fact, there are similar open-source codes in the fields of music, pictures, and videos. Creative Commons Licenses, a set of licensing protocols developed by the non-profit organization, allows users to use their licensed works in accordance with the authorization methods and requirements specified by the licenser.
1.Public domain, similar to open-source code protocol, public domain also has some different protocols. Public Domain Market (abbreviated as “PDM”), When the intellectual property of a work lack of its exclusiveness and exclusivity (such as the expiration of the protection period, the right holder’s declaration of waivers, etc.) and can be public used, we say that the work has entered the “public domain”.
2. CC0 protocol: The license of the CC licenses is conditional (for example, no sub-licensing or commercial use is allowed). The license model for the right holder to declare that the work enters the public domain based on the CC protocol is called “CC0”, and “0” means that the right holder waives other property rights other than personal rights.
Public domain still in the early stage of development. Compared with the open-source protocol, the public domain was a little behind, and lacked the realization of the code, and thus lacked the commercial closed loop.
With the development of information technology, copyright has created a demand for co-creation, no matter in the fields of painting, music, literature, or video. Such works need the NFT smart contract to make a good benefits distribution mechanism. And more CC protocol versions needed for the copyright works.
Code is law, the blockchain has built various definable protocols under the open-source architecture. At the application level of NFT, protocols are also needed to implement various NFT copyright licensing under the CC protocol, so that NFTs are able to apply CC protocols on Zora and OpenSea, and enable the recreation and make additional changes on NFT in future.
What Kanamit can do is make the implementation of the copyright CC protocol. Once the closed loop of the business model is created, creation will result in a big explosion. Every non-homogeneous product, whether virtual or physical, will enter the DeFi world through NFT. For example, original characters, which are currently popular among teenagers, you can add avatars, interactive graphics, comics to the character, set plot stories, dubbing, music dubbing, L2D, MMD, and merch. It might be the preliminary virtual character in Metaverse, or the next race of NFT games. Without a complete copyright CC protocol, these most interoperated functions, like different original characters from different creators in the same scenario cannot happened.
To express a kind of thought in art form, for the first time, NFT allows creators to combine the tools of Godel, Escher, and Bach to create, and even create works with the audience. Just like Hofstadter’s thought about artificial intelligence cannot replace human thinking, the value of art is inseparable from his audience. NFT undoubtedly brings the power of human spiritual civilization production Tools. With the further development of the NFT protocol, it will bring us more innovations.
Many people are at a loss of blockchain impact. In fact, The Digital Humanities Manifesto 2.0 is the best guide for action
1) don’t whine
2) comment, engage, retort, spread the word
3) throw an idea
4) join up
5) move on
Welcome to Kanamit DAO, participate in this flexible NFT protocol stack, Kanamit IDE starts now!
Kanamit website: https://www.kanamit.io/
Kanamit Group: https://t.me/kanamitgroup